WEREWOLF OR LYCANTHROPY

So, what actually is werewolf or lycanthropy? Is it a fact based on concrete evidences? Is it a myth, fabrication of feeble minds? Is it an exaggeration of some other things? Well, all these questions have been puzzling “man animal” for the last 5 centuries. Though many ingenious hypotheses have been suggested as possible explanations, definite conclusion can't be drawn and as always Paradox will not attempt to explain but to inform.

It’s believed that the transformation was achieved by any of the following methods:


Curse: An ill-fated man could become victim of witchcraft or fall under curse of evil spirits. The person then would involuntary turn into werewolf.

Bitten by Werewolf: Another common believe was that anyone could become one if saliva of an werewolf could find a way to blood stream; might be from bite or scratch.

Putting on Wolf Skin: Most easiest way of becoming werewolf; however, there have been debates concerning effectiveness of the method. An evil minded person could put on hide of a dead wolf and become a werewolf. In case the complete skin was unavailable, a belt or girdle of wolf hide would supplement it.

Occult or Devil Worshiping: A wicked person can start worshiping the Devil and surrender his soul to it. The Devil then would grant him the power to become a werewolf. In some cases it could be any evil spirit answering to devotion.

Magic Salve or Ointment: A good number of recorded cases mention a potent salve or ointment with which werewolf would rub their bodies for transformations. The compositions of those ointments were different, but generally contained plant ingredients like nightshade, belladonna and henbane. Pig fat, turpentine and olive oil were used as solvent for them. Later when the distillation of spirits was perfected, alcohol served the purpose.

Rituals: Evidence of ceremonial rituals is often mentioned in the werewolf cases. The rituals were mainly any combination of the voluntary methods of becoming a werewolf. First the afflicted man would locate an isolate place and trace a big circle on the soil. On the centre of that circle he made a fire and prepared his magic ointment. (After rubbing his body with the ointment, he would wear the wolf hide and concentrate on prayer to the Devil. At the end of the process the man turned into a wolf and ran in quest of prey.




Whatever triggers the transformations the fact is werewolves are portrait to history as evil creatures.  Herewith are a few episodes:

video

DRUKEN WEREWOLF TERRORIZES CAMPGROUND



When Ohio deputies were called in to deal with a disturbance at a local campground they had no idea that they were about to come face to face with a vicious but completely passed-out lycanthrope with a penchant for way too much vodka. It may be that you can only kill werewolves with silver, but apparently getting them totally sloshed doesn't constitute much of a challenge.
According to an arrest report filed on the incident, Thomas Stroup, 20, of Sheffield Township, was taken into custody on May 29, 2011, around 12:30 a.m. at the Timber Ridge Campground.
Ohio Lorain County Sheriffs deputies had received a call of a man acting angrily and becoming violent with campers and animals. When deputies arrived at the scene, according to the report, they found Stroup passed out in a trailer. Deputies say Stroup smelled of alcohol and when he was eventually were able to wake him up, he began growling at them.
Stroup was placed under arrest for underage consumption and told authorities that he had blacked out from drinking too much vodka that evening.
According to the report Stroup went on to say that ever since he was scratched by a wolf in Germany he blacks out when the moon comes out and goes on the attack.
It should be noted that the deputies did not actually observe Stroup's paranormal shape-shifting, but keep in mind that May 29th was nearly a New Moon. The next Full Moon doesn't happen for another week, so the authorities will probably need to keep him in jail until then if they want to, say, film his transformation for posting on YouTube. He'd have to give his permission for that, of course, but I'm thinking they could always convince him to sign a release by bribing him with more vodka.




Williamette Werewolf Attacks (on his own words)
In 2007 my fiancé and I decided to meet late at night and lie beneath the stars and make out. We decided to choose a place that was well lit but private. So we chose Montieth Park in Albany, Oregon where the both of us live. At the park they have this wooden deck that juts out over the water, so we decided to lay there on some blankets. It was around one in the morning. I laid down the covers on the deck and we had just both snuggled into the blankets when we heard a very big splash in the water behind us. This was a really huge splash, like something really large jumped into the water.
We jumped up real quick and looked over the railing at the water. Something about 7 feet or longer that was black in colour and it had hair all over it. It swam clear around the deck. The deck is 14 feet wide and 25 feet long. It swam really fast and around the deck in about 20 seconds. In the process of getting to the bank on the side of the deck it had grabbed a sleeping duck and bit into it whole. It then went onto the bank breaking limbs, and crunching on the duck.
My fiancé was extremely frightened, as was I. But I wanted to see this "thing" up close. So I jingled my keys over the deck to attract the "thing". It then let out a very deep growl from the shadows of the trees. Sort of like a dog does when you approach his bowl when he is eating. But times that by 1000. Both of us were very concerned and scared crapless by now. I went over and grabbed the blankets to get out of there. Just as we turned to leave and go up the ramp and into the park, the growl got closer to us. But we lost sight of the "thing." We took a few more steps up the ramp towards the park, there was another growl.
I don't know how to accurately describe this growl, but it was deep, guteral, almost from the very bowels of the thing. It held the tone of the blackest anger with the lust of killing. And it made both of our blood run cold. We both thought at the time that we were seriously going to die.
Anyhow, my fiancé and I took off running. The only thing I thought of was to protect her by running directly behind her and putting myself between her and the "beast." I never told her but where the ramp ends; there is foliage on both sides that lead down to the river banks. As I crossed the threshold of the ramp, I caught a glimpse of the "beast" to my left standing by a tree. It was huge and the most evil thing I have ever seen. It reeked of wildness and had very angry eyes.


We made it back to our car and took off at high speed.
Since that day, often I dream of being an animal myself, running on all fours and hunting in a dark city that is barren. I can taste the thrill of hunting in my mouth as I salivate.
A year later I was playing with my children in the front room, my fiancé was at work. We were playing tag around the furniture and when they both ran behind the couch and then down the hallway, I jumped over the couch; clearing it by two feet and landed on all fours and ran on all fours after them while growling. They had stopped and stared at me and screamed. I don't remember this, but they had told me afterwards.
I believe that I became "linked" with the "thing" in the park and now know how it feels. Like I mentioned above, there have been 23 other accounts in the past two years of this beast or more of them, in the area. And over half of the people I talked to that saw the beast says that they have dreams of being an animal hunting. We call it being "marked."

SHAPE-SHIFTING WEREWOLF OF TEXAS
Mrs Delburt Gregg of Greggton, Texas, told of her encounter with a shape-shifting creature in the 1960 issue of Fate. The other surveyed sightings below are of creature that looked like man-wolves but no one have seen one becoming another. Mrs Gregg have not seen a man turned into a wolf but she has actually came closer than anyone else in telling a tale that sounds like a chapter from a werewolf novel than a real life experience.
Mrs Gregg said that one night in 1958 when her husband was on a business trip, she moved her bed close to a screen window hoping to catch some cool breeze from a thunderstorm brewing on the south western horizon. She heard a scratching sound from the window shortly after she fell asleep. In a flash of a lightning, she saw a huge, shaggy, wolf-like creature clawing at the screen and staring at her with baleful, glowing, silted eyes. She saw its bared white fangs.


The creature fled from the yard into a clump of bushes as she leaped from her bed to grab a flash light. Mrs Gregg said "I watched for the animal to come out of the bushes, but after a short time, instead of a great shaggy wolf running out, the figure of an extremely tall man suddenly parted the thick foliage and walked hurriedly down the road, disappearing into the darkness."

WISCONSIN WEREWOLF SIGHTING

Mark Schackelman was driving east of highway 18 near Jefferson, in southeastern Wisconsin on an evening in 1936 when he saw a figure digging in an Indian mound. He saw a hair covered creature that is over six feet tall with both ape-like and dog-like features with pointed ears standing erect. Its hands have shriveled thumb and a forefinger on each and also three fully formed fingers.


Schackelman went back to the sighting the next evening hoping to see the creature again and he did. The creature was making "neo-human" sounds with a three syllable growling. Years later, his son who is a Kenosha newspaper editor, wrote that his "father's first thought was that it must be something satanic."


WEREWOLF CREATURE IN OHIO

Between July and October 1972, a number of residents of Ohio allegedly saw a werewolf-like creature. Some people reported encountering a six to eight-foot tall creature that a witness described as "human, with an oversized, wolf-like head, and an elongated nose." Another said it "had huge, hairy feet, fangs, and it ran from side to side, like a caveman in the movies."


WEREWOLF ATTACK REPORTED IN NEW MEXICO
      Four Gallup, New Mexico, youths allegedly encountered a "werewolf" along the side of a road near Whitewater one day in January 1970. One witness reported "It was about five feet seven, and I was surprised it could go so fast. At first I thought my friends were playing a joke on me, but when I found out they weren't, I was scared! We rolled up the windows real fast and lock the doors of the cars. I started driving faster, about 60, but it was hard because that highway had a lot of sharp turns. Someone finally got a gun out and shot it. I know it got hit and fell down, but there was no blood. I know it couldn't be a person because people cannot move that fast."

NAVAHO SKIN-WALKER
   Skin-walker is another name for a werewolf that the Navahos of the southwest. In 1936, in Yale Publications in Anthropology, anthropologist William Morgan recounted an interview with a Navaho identified only as Hahago. Hahago said of skin-walker "They go very fast. They can go to Albuquerque in an hour and a half" - a four-hour trip by automobile, according to Morgan.

 
RED EYED WEREWOLVES OF PENNSYLVANIA
In the fall of 1973 western Pennsylvania played host to dozens of reports of strange apelike creatures, sometimes seen in association with UFOS, said to have (in one witness's words) "fire red eyes that glow in darkness." To be seven to eight feet tall, and gives off a strong unpleasant odour. "Another type of creature" investigator Stan Gordon noted, "was said to be between five and six feet tall. It was described as looking just like an extremely muscular man with a covering of thick dark hair. Again in these reports, the arms were very long and hung down past the knees. This creature appeared to have superior agility exceeding that of a deer. From footprints discovered, the stride of creatures varies between 52 and 57 inches. In these reports there was no indication of odours."


WISCONSIN WEREWOLF ATTACK
 On October 31, 1991 at 8:30pm, a woman drove on Bray Road near Delavan, Wisconsin which is approximately thirty miles south-southeast of Jefferson(site of Schackelman encounter in 1936), felt her right front tire jump off the pavements if it had hit something. The woman stopped her car and looked into the misty darkness and saw a dark hairy creature with a bulked-out chest racing towards her. She went back into her car and tried to speed away when the creature leaped onto her trunk. The creature eventually fell off from the trunk because the trunk was too wet to have a firm grip. Later, the woman returned with a friend and they had a glimpsed of a big form rising from the side of the road.



WISCONSIN WEREWOLF ENCOUNTER

Lorianne Endrizzi had a similar encounter as above in the fall of 1989. She was driving on Bray Road, a half a mile away from the above encounter, where she thought it was a person kneeling in a hunched position at the edge of the road. She slowed down and to her surprise, the figure stared at her at no more than six feet across the passenger side of the car. The figure was covered with greyish brown hair, with big fangs and pointed ears. "His face was long and had a snout, like a wolf." She told reporter Scarlett Sankay. The figure's eyes glowed in the darkness and they were a yellowish-gold colour. 'The arms were really a kind of strange; jointed like a man or woman would be," she said. "He was holding his hands with his palms upward. The arms were muscular 'like a man who had worked out a little bit." The backed legs looked like they were behind him, like a person kneeling." The sighting lasted about 45 seconds and she had no idea what the creature could have been until she saw an illustration at the library of a werewolf.


WEREWOLF SIGHTING

 Around that same time as above in Elkhorn, near Delevan, a dairy farmer named Scott Bray saw a "strange looking dog" along his pasture on Bray Road. It was bigger and taller than a German shepherd; it had pointed ears and hairy tail, with long, scraggly greyish black hair. It is "built heavy in front - a real strong chest." In the soft soil nearby he found enormous footprints which are four to five inches in diameter.



WEREWOLF TIMELINE

1550 BC – King Lycon of Arcadia serves human flesh to the god Zeus and is transformed into a wolf as punishment. The term “Lycanthrope” is derived from this story.

440 BC – In “ "Histories of Herodotus", the traveller Herodotus of Halicarnassus (484 BC – 425 BC) writes of the Neuri people, who transform into wolves once a year.

400 BC – A victorious Olympic boxer by the name of Damarchus, an Arcadian of Parrhasia, is said to have transformed into that of a wolf at the sacrifice of Lycaean (Wolf) Zeus, and nine years after he became a man again.

37 BC – Roman poet Virgil (70 BC – 19 BC), in the “Eclogues”, tells of the change of Moeris to the form of a wolf by the use of herbs.





2 BC – 8 AD – Roman poet Ovid (43 BC – 17 AD) writes "Metarmophorsis" including a verse about Lycaon, who is transformed into a wolf by the god Zeus.

60 – "Satyricon", by Roman writer Petronius (27-66 AD), contains a detailed account of a soldier who is a werewolf.

970 – A man named Baianus is believed to be able to turn himself into a wolf through the arts of necromancy.

1020 – First use of the word “Werewulf” recorded in English

1101 – Death of Vseslav Bryachislavich, the most famous ruler of Polotsk, believed by many to be a werewolf.


1182 – Welsh historian Giraldus Cambrensis (1146 – 1223) encounters Irish werewolves who transform during the Yuletide feast. The werewolves were reportedly natives of Ossory, whose people had been cursed by St. Natalis for their wickedness.

1194-1197 – Guillaume de Palerne composed.

1198 – Marie de France composes Bisclavret.

1250 – Lai de Melion composed.

1502? 1521? – The three werewolves of Poligny, Pierre Bourgot, Michel Verdung (or Udon), and Philibert Mentot are burnt at the stake being werewolves.

1541 – In Pavia, Italy, a farmer in the form of a wolf is said to have torn many men in the open country to pieces. After being captured, he assures his captors that the only difference between himself and a natural wolf, was that in a true wolf the hair grew outward, whilst in him it struck inward. In order to put this assertion to the proof, the magistrates cut off his arms and legs, and he dies from wounds.

1555 – Olaus Magnusrecords strange behavior of Baltic werewolves.

1573 – Gilles Garnier the Werewolf of Dole, is burnt at the stake.

1578 – Jacques Rollet goes on trial in Paris. He was found guilty of being a werewolf.

1588 – The Werewolf of Auvergne is burned at the stake.

1589 – Peter Stubbis executed in Germany after terrorizing the countryside near Cologne in the form of a wolf.

1590 – Michel Jaques confesses to becoming a wolf seven or eight times after anointing himself with an unguent given to him by the devil.

1598 – The Werewolf of Chalons, known also as the “Demon Tailor”, was arraigned in France on December 14, on murder charges.

1598 – The same year, the Gandillon family, a sister, brother and two of the man’s children were tried together in France.

1598 – Jacques Roulet, a begger, is arrested in Caude in the vicinity of Angers, France for being a werewolf.

1602 – Michée Bauloz, along with Jeanne de la Pierre and Suzanne Prevost are condemned.

1603 – Teenage Jean Grenier tried as werewolf and is sentenced to life imprisonment.

1623 – There are a series of court trials in which eighteen men and thirteen women are tried for lycanthropy.

1692 – An 80-year-old man named Thiess is tried in Jurgenburg, Livonia. He confesses to being a werewolf. Judges sentence Thiess to ten lashes for acts of idolatry and superstitious beliefs.


1764 – 1767 – The Beast Of Geaudan Beast Of Geaudan terrorizes the former province of Gévaudan, in the Margeride Mountains in south-central France. There were over 100 victims.

1812 – Grimm Brothers publish their version of “The Little Red Ridding Hood.”

1824 – Antoine Leger tried for werewolf crimes and sentenced to lunatic asylum.

1852 – Traveling vendor Manuel Blanco Romasanta   confesses to the murders of thirteen people. Romasanta was tried in Allariz and eluded capital punishment by professing he was a werewolf.

1865 – “The Book of Were-Wolves” The Book of Were-Wolves is written by the Reverend Sabine Baring-Gould. Still considered one of the leading books on werewolf history.

1920 – Right-wing terror group “Operation Werewolf”  established in Germany.

1933 – British Occult writer and clergyman Montague Summers publishes “The Werewolf.” He is still known today for his ridiculous writings on witches, vampires, and werewolves.

1941 – The film “The wolf Man”   starring Lon Chaney Jr. is released.

1948 – Robert Eisler delivers his lecture “Man into Wolf: An Anthropological Interpretation of Sadism, Masochism, and Lycanthropy” to the Psychiatric Section of the Royal Society of Medicine in London, England.

1981 – The film “An American Wereeolf in London” is released and includes first four-footed werewolf.

1989 – The first sighting of "The beast of Bray Road"